文章摘要
甘凤玲, 苟俊菲, 刘春红, 唐小九, 王迦南.草带宽度对紫色土坡面细沟形态及水土流失特征的影响[J].水土保持学报,2022,36(2):25~32
草带宽度对紫色土坡面细沟形态及水土流失特征的影响
Effect of Grass Strip Width on Rill Erosion Morphology, Soil and Water Loss Characteristics on Purple Soil Slope
投稿时间:2021-09-14  
DOI:10.13870/j.cnki.stbcxb.2022.02.003
中文关键词: 紫色土  草带宽度  放水冲刷  细沟形态  水土流失
英文关键词: purple soil  grass strip width  drainage and scouring  rill morphology  water and soil loss
基金项目:国家青年科学基金项目(42107355);重庆市基础研究与前沿探索项目(cstc2018jcyjAX0489);重庆市教委科技项目(KJQN201800531,KJQN202100518);重庆师范大学(人才引进/博士启动)基金项目(20XLB021)
作者单位E-mail
甘凤玲1,2, 苟俊菲1,2, 刘春红1,2, 唐小九1,2, 王迦南1,2 1. 重庆师范大学地理与旅游学院, 重庆 401331

2. 三峡库区地表过程与环境遥感重庆市重点实验室
, 重庆 401331 
20131490@cqnu.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数: 129
全文下载次数: 91
中文摘要:
      为了解不同草带宽度对紫色土坡耕地水土流失的影响,以铺设四季青草带的紫色土坡面为研究对象,采用放水冲刷模拟试验,以裸坡为对照组,研究不同放水冲刷流量和草带宽度条件下坡面细沟形态变化和减沙减流效应。结果表明:(1)沟深随草带宽度增大呈先减小后增大趋势,而沟宽、沟长和沟宽深比均随草带宽度呈先增加后减小趋势;此外,沟宽、沟深和沟长随流量的增大而增大,而宽深比随流量的变化不明显;(2)当流量较小时(4 L/min),各坡面产流率和产沙率随着草带宽度的增大而减少,100 cm草带宽度的减流效益最高,为48.41%;当流量较大时(8 L/min),75 cm草带宽度的减流减沙效益最高,分别为20.07%和58.11%。(3)有草带的坡面产流产沙率、土壤侵蚀速率与沟宽、沟深呈极显著相关关系,相对于减流效益而言,草带对减沙效益更为显著。综上可知,草带能有效降低径流泥沙量,对紫色土坡耕地的水土流失具有较好的防治效果。
英文摘要:
      In order to understand the impacts of different grass strip widths on the soil and water loss of in purple soil sloping farmland, taking the Agrostis stolonifera grass strips paved on purple soil slope as the research objects, and through the indoor simulated scouring, we study the impacts of different grass strip widths and drainage scouring flows on the slope rill erosion morphology and the effects of sediment and flow reduction. The bare slope was used as the control group. The results showed that:(1) With the increasing of grass strip width, the rill depth decreased first and then increased, while the rill width, rill length and width-depth ratio showed a contrary tendency. In addition, the rill width, rill length and rill depth increased with the increasing of discharge, but the change of width-depth ratio was not obvious. (2) When the discharge flow was small (4 L/min), the runoff and sediment yield rate decreased with the increasing of grass strip width, and the outflow runoff decreased by 48.41% by for the 100 cm grass strip, which was the greatest. When the discharge was large (8 L/min), the 75 cm grass strip had the minimum runoff and sediment yield rate, which had the maximum reduction rate of runoff (20.07%) and sediment (58.11%). (3) Under interception of the grass strip, the runoff and sediment yield rate and soil erosion rate had significant correlation with rill width and rill depth. Compared with runoff interception and reduction, the grass strip had more significant impact on sediment interception and reduction. From these results we concluded that the grass strip was very efficient in reducing the runoff and sediment, and had a good control effect on water and soil loss of purple soil sloping farmland.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭