文章摘要
尚雯, 李德禄, 魏林源, 马全林, 唐进年, 李银科, 张芝萍, 张卫星, 高松涛.石羊河流域干旱荒漠区人工梭梭林对土壤碳库的影响[J].水土保持学报,2018,32(3):191~198
石羊河流域干旱荒漠区人工梭梭林对土壤碳库的影响
Effect of Artifical Haloxylon Ammodendron Plantation on Soil Carbon Pools in Arid Desert Region of Shiyang River Basin
投稿时间:2018-01-02  
DOI:10.13870/j.cnki.stbcxb.2018.03.030
中文关键词: 干旱荒漠区  沙地造林  土壤有机碳  土壤机碳  土壤全氮
英文关键词: arid desert region  afforestation in sandy land  soil organic carbon  soil inorganic carbon  total soil nitrogen
基金项目:甘肃省治沙研究所荒漠化与风沙灾害防治国家重点实验室(培育基地)开放基金项目(GSDC201505);国家自然科学基金项目(31660232,31660237);甘肃省基础研究创新群体计划项目(1506RJIA155)
作者单位E-mail
尚雯1,2, 李德禄1, 魏林源1, 马全林1, 唐进年1, 李银科1, 张芝萍1,2, 张卫星1,2, 高松涛1 1. 甘肃省治沙研究所, 荒漠化与风沙灾害防治国家重点实验室培育基地, 兰州 730070

2. 甘肃省治沙研究所
, 甘肃临泽荒漠生态系统国家定位观测研究站, 甘肃 临泽 734200 
ybhwly@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      采用野外调查与室内分析相结合的方法,研究石羊河流域民勤干旱沙区种植人工梭梭林4,13,36年后的土壤有机碳(Soil organic carbon,SOC)、机碳(Soil inorganic carbon,SIC)、全氮(Total nitrogen,TN)和总碳(soil total carbon,TC)含量及储量变化特征。结果表明:流动沙地种植梭梭后,0-50 cm层灌丛下和行间SOC和TN含量总体随造林年限增加而增加,5-50 cm层灌丛下SIC含量在13年梭梭林地最高。36,13年林地0-50 cm层灌丛下SOC和TN储量均高于行间,而13年灌丛下SIC储量低于行间,4年灌丛下5-50 cm层SOC、TN和SIC储量均低于行间。0-50 cm层土壤有机碳、机碳、全氮储量增幅分别为102.44%,24.66%,54.55%,36年林地SOC和TN储量随土层加深先降低后增加,但4,13年和流动沙地SOC、SIC和TN储量均随土层加深而增加。土壤有机碳占总碳比例随造林年限增加而增加。相关分析结果表明,土壤颗粒组成、造林年限、土层深度等与土壤有机碳和全氮储量显著相关(P<0.01)。民勤干旱沙区造林提高了土壤碳库截存量,并且随林龄增长而增长。
英文摘要:
      This study evaluated the effects of artificial Haloxylon ammodendron plantation on the concentrations and storages of soil organic carbon (SOC), soil inorganic carbon (SIC), total nitrogen (TN) and total carbon (TC) by field investigation and laboratory analysis in Minqin desert regions. And the ages of H. ammodendron plantations were 4,13, and 36 years old, respectively. Results showed that the concentrations of SOC and TN in soils of 0-50 cm depth under shrubs and between shrubs both increased with the increasing of plantation age after afforestation, whereas the highest concentrations of SIC in 5-50 cm depth soil under shrubs were observed in 13-year-old plantations. Generally, the storages of SOC and TN were both higher under shrubs than those of between shrubs in 13- and 36-year-old plantations. However, the storage of SIC was less under shrubs than that between shrubs in 13-year-old plantations. And in the soils of 5-50 cm depth, the storages of SOC, SIC and TN were less under shrubs than those of between shrubs in 4-year-old plantations. In the soils of 0-50 cm depth, the storages of SOC, SIC and TN increased by 102.44%, 24.66% and 54.55%, respectively, after afforestation. Additionally, the storages of SOC and TN declined firstly and then increased with the increasing of soil depth in 36-year-old plantation, whereas the storages of SOC, SIC and TN all increased with the increasing of soil depth in shifting sandy land, 4- and 13-year-old plantations. Overall, the proportion of SOC to TC increased with increasing of afforestation age. Pearson's correlation analysis indicated that storages of SOC and TN were both significantly correlated with soil particle size distribution, soil bulk density, plantation ages and soil depth. Therefore, we concluded that afforestation in arid desert region largely improved the accumulation of soil organic carbon and total carbon pools, and the carbon storage of soil increased with the growth of forest age.
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