文章摘要
李慧,王芳,赵庚星,常春艳,王卓然,李萍.黄泛平原区不同土地利用方式下的土壤养分状况分析[J].水土保持学报,2016,(3):
黄泛平原区不同土地利用方式下的土壤养分状况分析
Analysis of Different Cultivated Land Use Types on Soil Nutrients in the Yellow River Alluvial Plain Area
投稿时间:2016-01-20  修订日期:2016-03-11
DOI:
中文关键词: 关 键 词:黄泛区  土地利用方式  土壤养分  菏泽市
英文关键词: Yellow River Alluvial Plain Area  Heze city  SUtilization pattern of soil  soil nutrient
基金项目:“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目课题(2015BAD23B0202;2013BAD05B06-5),国家自然科学基金(41271235)
作者单位邮编
李慧 山东农业大学资源与环境学院,土肥资源高效利用国家工程实验室 271018
王芳 泰安市国土资源局 
赵庚星 山东农业大学资源与环境学院,土肥资源高效利用国家工程实验室 271018
常春艳 山东农业大学资源与环境学院,土肥资源高效利用国家工程实验室 
王卓然 山东农业大学资源与环境学院,土肥资源高效利用国家工程实验室 
李萍 山东农业大学资源与环境学院,土肥资源高效利用国家工程实验室 
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中文摘要:
      土壤是人类赖以生存的自然资源,而土地利用则是人类干预土壤最重要、最直接的活动。研究不同土地利用方式对土壤养分含量的影响可以为土地资源的合理利用以及农作物的高效产出提供依据。文中选取位于黄河下游冲积平原的菏泽市为研究区,分别选取菜地、水浇地、果园、林地四种利用类型,获取N、P、K、有机质等13种养分数据。利用SPSS软件ANOVA单因素方差分析法,研究黄泛平原区不同土地利用方式对土壤养分的影响。结果表明:土壤pH值有林地与果园相对较高,水浇地和菜地较低,均呈弱碱性;土壤有机质、速效钾、有效磷和全氮含量均受土地利用方式影响较大,并且均为菜地含量最高,水浇地次之,林地含量最小,土壤缓效钾受土地利用方式影响不显著;土壤有效硫含量由大到小为菜地>水浇地>果园>有林地,与有机质相同;有效锌、有效铜和有效铁在水浇地中含量较高,有效猛、有效钼和有效硼在有林地中含量较高,菜地的微量元素含量普遍较低。研究结果为黄泛区土壤施肥与利用管理提供了科学依据,对该区土地资源的合理利用与保护具有积极指导意义。
英文摘要:
      The soil is natural resources for human survival, and land use is the most important and most direct activity of human intervention. The effects of different land use patterns on soil nutrient content can provide a basis for the rational use of land resources and the efficient production of crops. This study selected Heze city of the Yellow river alluvial plain area as the study area. There are four land use types: vegetableSland, irrigableSland, orchard, and forestSland, and 13 kinds of nutrient data: N, P, K and organic matter, etc. By using the software of SPSS ANOVA single factor variance analysis method, effects of different land use types in plain area of Yellow River on soil nutrients was studied. The results showed that: The soil pH value of forestSland and orchard was relatively high while the value of irrigated land and vegetable land was relatively low, but they were all weakly alkaline; the contents of soil organic matter, available K, available P and total N were greatly influenced by land use, and the ranking of content from high to low was vegetableSland, irrigableSland, orchard, and forestSland, but the effect of land use on the slowly available K was not significant; The ranking of available s content from high to low also was vegetableSland, irrigableSland, orchard, and forestSland, same as organic matter; Higher content of available Zn and available Cu and available Fe were in irrigated, while available Mn, available Mo and available B in forestSland was higher, and the content of microelement in the vegetable land was generally low. The research results will provide scientific basis for soil fertilization and utilization management in Yellow River Alluvial Plain Area, and it has positive guidance for rational utilization and protection of land resources in this area.
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